SQL: The Essential Database Language

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Structured Query Language (SQL) is a specialised programming language designed for use with databases. SQL is a standard language when working with relational databases, allowing rapid sorting of large databases. If you are serious about a career in IT, then SQL training is essential, even if you don’t plan on becoming a database specialist. There are different levels of tuition, and it is recommended to begin with the introductory course.

Introduction to SQL

The SQL introductory program covers the basics, and shows you the capabilities and key features of SQL. This one-day course is very much hands-on, beginning with an introduction to SQL, followed by an overview of relational databases, and how SQL works within that context. You will work with an example database, and learn how to run SQL queries in order to familiarise yourself with the interface.If you are interested, you can invest in a SQL training course here, with a range of training programs on all aspects of SQL.

Writing basic SQL statements

This involves selecting columns and tables from a database using SQL, then learning how to execute queries. Once this has been covered, you will learn how to limit the data returned by introducing the “WHERE” section of SQL queries, as well as how to sort the outputs.

Grouping data

This involves using the aggregate function to introduce sub totals, followed by an introduction to the “HAVING” statement, and the “GROUP BY” function. The final stage of the introductory SQL course looks at working with functions and dates. Before learning how to use SQL, it is essential to have a sound working knowledge of Microsoft’s Excel program. Here is some useful information regarding Excel and its capabilities.

Advanced SQL training

Beginning with a review of the introductory program, this course will further develop the learner’s ability to manage a relational database, with an introduction to more complex commands and queries. At this stage, you are introduced to data manipulation language (DML) and database definition language (DDL), which will enable you to build database objects and execute complex statements.

You would learn about SQL scripts, which are a set of SQL commands that can be saved as a file, allowing you to repeat queries without having to retype. This includes the use of parameters in your query, in addition to a look at query output presentation. Other essential sections of this level include,

– SQL syntax
– Managing tables
– Managing views
– Getting data from multiple tables
– SQL functions

The final part of this program deals with advanced ways to control select queries using SQL. You will also be shown how to order and produce sub totals from a query. The final section includes applying conditions to your query.

The right training produces competency

If you are planning to become SQL proficient, it is important to choose the right training course, with instructors that understand the problems you will face when using SQL. There are reputable online training institutions that have the knowledge and experience to help you understand and effectively work with SQL.

Live Transcoder for Nimble Streamer

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WMSPanel’s Transcoder for Nimble Streamer is a premium add-on for Nimble Streamer which can decode, transform and encode live streaming media.

The Transcoder use H.264, MPEG2 video and AAC, MP3, MP2, Speex audio as Input. It support RTMP pulled and published, RTSP pulled and announced, MPEG-TS via HTTP and UDP as input protocols.

The Transcoder use H.264/AAC with pass-through support as Output. It support HLS, MPEG-DASH, RTMP and RTSP playback and re-publish, MPEG-TS playback and multicast as output protocols.

Transcoder for Nimble Streamer apply existing FFmpeg filters to the processed content.

– FFMPEG Filters are applied without streams interruption
– 4 different strategies for adding key frames alignment
– Resize / crop to create multiple resolutions
– Graphic overlays, picture-in-picture video
– Make filtering chains without additional decoding
– Audio transrating, e.g. 256Kbps to 192Kbps
– Audio re-sampling, e.g. 44KHz to 22KHz
– Mix several audio sources
– Add any custom or third-party filter

The Transcoder is provided per monthly subscription with an affordable pricing. With Nimble Streamer your total cost of ownership will be as low as possible.

Setup SHOUTcast Radio server on Linux

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Download and install SHOUTcast DNAS server software

Create new user for running SHOUTCast:

# useradd shoutcast

Download Shoutcast DNAS package: http://download.nullsoft.com/shoutcast/tools/

# wget http://download.nullsoft.com/shoutcast/tools/sc_serv2_linux_x64-latest.tar.gz

Extract SHOUTcast files:

# mkdir sc
# tar -xvf sc_serv2_linux_x64-latest.tar.gz -C sc

Change the ownership from root to the SHOUTcast user:

# chown -R shoutcast:shoutcast sc

Configuring SHOUTcast Server

# cd sc
# nano sc_serv.conf

Copy below content to file sc_serv.conf


Start SHOUTcast server

# ./sc_serv sc_serv.conf


Please make sure shoutcast port must be open in server firewall

Manage SHOUTcast Server and Create Daemon script

# ps aux | grep sc_serv ## Get Server PID
# killall sc_serv ## Stop server

# vi /usr/local/bin/shoutcast

Content of /usr/local/bin/shoutcast

case $1 in
cd /root/sc/
./sc_serv &
killall sc_serv
cd /root/sc/
./sc_serv daemon
echo “Usage shoutcast start|stop”

# chmod +x /usr/local/bin/shoutcast
# /usr/local/bin/shoutcast start
# /usr/local/bin/shoutcast stop

Automatically start the Shoutcast server after server reboot
# echo “/usr/local/bin/shoutcast start_daemon” >> ~/.bashrc

Wowza Live Stream thumbnail images with HTTP Provider

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To get thumbnail images from Wowza Transcoder with an HTTP Provider Wowza Media Server 3 or later is required.

Config file to edit for Wowza Live Stream Thumbnails



PHP code

//No Authentication
exec(‘curl “http://[wowza-ip-address]:8086/transcoderthumbnail?application=[application-name]&streamname=[stream-name]&format=[jpeg or png]&size=[widthxheight]”‘);

//With Authentication
exec(‘curl – -digest -u [wowza-admin-user]:[wowza-admin-password] “http://[wowza-ip-address]:8086/transcoderthumbnail?application=[application-name]&streamname=[stream-name]&format=[jpeg or png]&size=[widthxheight]”‘);

[wowza-ip-address]: The IP address of the server running the Wowza media server
[application-name]: The application name the stream is running live
[stream-name]: The stream name of the live source stream.
[format]: Format of the image: either jpeg or png
[size]: Size of the thumbnail image.


HTTPTranscoderThumbnail.onHTTPRequest[live/_definst_/[stream-name]]: Live stream encoder not found

Make sure Wowza is configured for Transcoding of live streams with Transcoder Addons.


You will see some live encoded wowza streams based on selected transcoding template


Importing data from non-wordpress mysql database

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You have to create an import php file to get the Questions/Answers from a non-wordpress database and bring them into posts in wordpress.

Question Table


/// non-wordpress database connection string here


$results = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM questions");

while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($results)) 

    $post_information = array(
	'post_title' => wp_strip_all_tags( $row['question'] ),
	'post_content' => $row['answer'],
	'post_category' =>  array(6,7), // Cat Ids
	'post_date' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s', strtotime( $row['timestamp'] )),
	'post_type' => "post",
	'post_excerpt' => "",
	'post_author' => "admin",
	'post_status' => "publish"
	$post_id = wp_insert_post( $post_information );		
	$filename = "http://www.domain.com/images/post-image.png";   ////  Post Thumbnail Image
	$wp_filetype = wp_check_filetype(basename($filename), null );
	$attachment = array(
	  'post_mime_type' => $wp_filetype['type'],
	  'post_title' => preg_replace('/\.[^.]+$/', '', basename($filename)),
	  'post_content' => '',
	  'post_status' => 'inherit'
	$attach_id = wp_insert_attachment( $attachment, $filename, $new_post );
	add_post_meta($post_id, '_thumbnail_id', $attach_id, true);



Install Red5 Media Server on Ubuntu / Debian

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Red5 is free media server based on Java and other open source frameworks. It support FLV, F4V, MP4, 3GP, MP3, F4A, M4A, AAC and protocols like RTMP, RTMPT, RTMPS, RTMPE.

Install Red5 Media server
# apt-get install red5-server

Red5 Need below ports open in firewall / iptable
RTMP: 1935
Debug proxy: 1936
HTTP servlet: 5080
RTMPT: 8088

Red5 Installed location

Red5 application in the location

Install demo Red5 Applications
# wget http://www.red5.org/downloads/red5/1_0_1/red5-1.0.1.zip
# mkdir red5/
# cd red5
# unzip ../red5-1.0.1.zip
# cd red5-server-1.0/
# cp -R webapps/root/demos /var/lib/red5/webapps/root/demos
# cp -R webapps/installer /var/lib/red5/webapps/installer
# find /var/lib/red5/webapps/ -type d -exec chown _red5 {} \;
# /etc/init.d/red5-server restart

Red5 Installer

Red5 Demo

User Agent Parsing with PHP

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Tobie Langel’s ua-parser, a great library which provides simple UA parsing in PHP, JavaScript and Python.

<?php require_once 'uaparser.php';

$parser = new UAParser();
$result = $parser->parse($ua);

echo '<pre>';


Mistserver Manager Login

Find more libraries here...


MistServer PHP API for Live Stream

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MistServer is a highly versatile, lightweight, customizable open-source multi-standard multimedia server. MistServer configuration is easy to use for full CDN solutions applications. Hope you already read our article to Install MistServer

Mistserver Manager Login

MistServer API provides a Server API and a Management API.

You can find MistServer PHP API Examples Here

Note: Make sure port 4242 used for MistServer is open on your web hosting firewall where you run MistServer PHP API for Live Stream

MistServer PHP API for Live Stream will try to put/get data using PHP CURL in port 4242

$server = new Mistserver();
$server->login(‘http://server-ip:4242/api’, ‘username’, ‘password’);

// you can add a live stream:
$server->add_stream( STREAM_NAME, push://@SOURCE, BUFFER_TIME);


Your channel has been successfully created. Use the details below to broadcast:
Download: Download Flash Media Live Encoder 3.2
FMS URL: rtmp://server-ip:1935/live
Stream Name: churchstream


As you get Live Media Stream details you can use our article to make your event live…
Live video stream event for online Temple or Church

API Call Reference: http://www.mistserver.org/doxygen/api.html


Hits: 4285  

It’s easy to convert PHP Array to Select Dropdown Box… you need to loop for all element in array to display as dropdown. But may be you ever think for reverse process. Yes, it’s also easy!

You need to scrape / crawl Select box HTML to get PHP Array back from HTML Select Box. Please read our articles for xpath here



$s = '<select name="country">
<option value="">Country...</option>
<option value="AF">Afghanistan</option>
<option value="AL">Albania</option>
<option value="DZ">Algeria</option>
<option value="AS">American Samoa</option>
<option value="AD">Andorra</option>
<option value="AG">Angola</option>
<option value="AI">Anguilla</option>
<option value="AG">Antigua &amp; Barbuda</option>
<option value="AR">Argentina</option>
<option value="AA">Armenia</option>
<option value="AW">Aruba</option>
<option value="AU">Australia</option>
<option value="AT">Austria</option>
<option value="AZ">Azerbaijan</option>
<option value="BS">Bahamas</option>
<option value="BH">Bahrain</option>
<option value="BD">Bangladesh</option>
<option value="BB">Barbados</option>
<option value="BY">Belarus</option>
<option value="BE">Belgium</option>
<option value="BZ">Belize</option>
<option value="BJ">Benin</option>
<option value="BM">Bermuda</option>
<option value="BT">Bhutan</option>
<option value="BO">Bolivia</option>
<option value="BL">Bonaire</option>
<option value="BA">Bosnia &amp; Herzegovina</option>
<option value="BW">Botswana</option>
<option value="BR">Brazil</option>
<option value="BC">British Indian Ocean Ter</option>
<option value="BN">Brunei</option>
<option value="BG">Bulgaria</option>
<option value="BF">Burkina Faso</option>
<option value="BI">Burundi</option>
<option value="KH">Cambodia</option>
<option value="CM">Cameroon</option>
<option value="CA">Canada</option>
<option value="IC">Canary Islands</option>
<option value="CV">Cape Verde</option>
<option value="KY">Cayman Islands</option>
<option value="CF">Central African Republic</option>
<option value="TD">Chad</option>
<option value="CD">Channel Islands</option>
<option value="CL">Chile</option>
<option value="CN">China</option>
<option value="CI">Christmas Island</option>
<option value="CS">Cocos Island</option>
<option value="CO">Colombia</option>
<option value="CC">Comoros</option>
<option value="CG">Congo</option>
<option value="CK">Cook Islands</option>
<option value="CR">Costa Rica</option>
<option value="CT">Cote D\'Ivoire</option>
<option value="HR">Croatia</option>
<option value="CU">Cuba</option>
<option value="CB">Curacao</option>
<option value="CY">Cyprus</option>
<option value="CZ">Czech Republic</option>
<option value="DK">Denmark</option>
<option value="DJ">Djibouti</option>
<option value="DM">Dominica</option>
<option value="DO">Dominican Republic</option>
<option value="TM">East Timor</option>
<option value="EC">Ecuador</option>
<option value="EG">Egypt</option>
<option value="SV">El Salvador</option>
<option value="GQ">Equatorial Guinea</option>
<option value="ER">Eritrea</option>
<option value="EE">Estonia</option>
<option value="ET">Ethiopia</option>
<option value="FA">Falkland Islands</option>
<option value="FO">Faroe Islands</option>
<option value="FJ">Fiji</option>
<option value="FI">Finland</option>
<option value="FR">France</option>
<option value="GF">French Guiana</option>
<option value="PF">French Polynesia</option>
<option value="FS">French Southern Ter</option>
<option value="GA">Gabon</option>
<option value="GM">Gambia</option>
<option value="GE">Georgia</option>
<option value="DE">Germany</option>
<option value="GH">Ghana</option>
<option value="GI">Gibraltar</option>
<option value="GB">Great Britain</option>
<option value="GR">Greece</option>
<option value="GL">Greenland</option>
<option value="GD">Grenada</option>
<option value="GP">Guadeloupe</option>
<option value="GU">Guam</option>
<option value="GT">Guatemala</option>
<option value="GN">Guinea</option>
<option value="GY">Guyana</option>
<option value="HT">Haiti</option>
<option value="HW">Hawaii</option>
<option value="HN">Honduras</option>
<option value="HK">Hong Kong</option>
<option value="HU">Hungary</option>
<option value="IS">Iceland</option>
<option value="IN">India</option>
<option value="ID">Indonesia</option>
<option value="IA">Iran</option>
<option value="IQ">Iraq</option>
<option value="IR">Ireland</option>
<option value="IM">Isle of Man</option>
<option value="IL">Israel</option>
<option value="IT">Italy</option>
<option value="JM">Jamaica</option>
<option value="JP">Japan</option>
<option value="JO">Jordan</option>
<option value="KZ">Kazakhstan</option>
<option value="KE">Kenya</option>
<option value="KI">Kiribati</option>
<option value="NK">Korea North</option>
<option value="KS">Korea South</option>
<option value="KW">Kuwait</option>
<option value="KG">Kyrgyzstan</option>
<option value="LA">Laos</option>
<option value="LV">Latvia</option>
<option value="LB">Lebanon</option>
<option value="LS">Lesotho</option>
<option value="LR">Liberia</option>
<option value="LY">Libya</option>
<option value="LI">Liechtenstein</option>
<option value="LT">Lithuania</option>
<option value="LU">Luxembourg</option>
<option value="MO">Macau</option>
<option value="MK">Macedonia</option>
<option value="MG">Madagascar</option>
<option value="MY">Malaysia</option>
<option value="MW">Malawi</option>
<option value="MV">Maldives</option>
<option value="ML">Mali</option>
<option value="MT">Malta</option>
<option value="MH">Marshall Islands</option>
<option value="MQ">Martinique</option>
<option value="MR">Mauritania</option>
<option value="MU">Mauritius</option>
<option value="ME">Mayotte</option>
<option value="MX">Mexico</option>
<option value="MI">Midway Islands</option>
<option value="MD">Moldova</option>
<option value="MC">Monaco</option>
<option value="MN">Mongolia</option>
<option value="MS">Montserrat</option>
<option value="MA">Morocco</option>
<option value="MZ">Mozambique</option>
<option value="MM">Myanmar</option>
<option value="NA">Nambia</option>
<option value="NU">Nauru</option>
<option value="NP">Nepal</option>
<option value="AN">Netherland Antilles</option>
<option value="NL">Netherlands (Holland, Europe)</option>
<option value="NV">Nevis</option>
<option value="NC">New Caledonia</option>
<option value="NZ">New Zealand</option>
<option value="NI">Nicaragua</option>
<option value="NE">Niger</option>
<option value="NG">Nigeria</option>
<option value="NW">Niue</option>
<option value="NF">Norfolk Island</option>
<option value="NO">Norway</option>
<option value="OM">Oman</option>
<option value="PK">Pakistan</option>
<option value="PW">Palau Island</option>
<option value="PS">Palestine</option>
<option value="PA">Panama</option>
<option value="PG">Papua New Guinea</option>
<option value="PY">Paraguay</option>
<option value="PE">Peru</option>
<option value="PH">Philippines</option>
<option value="PO">Pitcairn Island</option>
<option value="PL">Poland</option>
<option value="PT">Portugal</option>
<option value="PR">Puerto Rico</option>
<option value="QA">Qatar</option>
<option value="ME">Republic of Montenegro</option>
<option value="RS">Republic of Serbia</option>
<option value="RE">Reunion</option>
<option value="RO">Romania</option>
<option value="RU">Russia</option>
<option value="RW">Rwanda</option>
<option value="NT">St Barthelemy</option>
<option value="EU">St Eustatius</option>
<option value="HE">St Helena</option>
<option value="KN">St Kitts-Nevis</option>
<option value="LC">St Lucia</option>
<option value="MB">St Maarten</option>
<option value="PM">St Pierre &amp; Miquelon</option>
<option value="VC">St Vincent &amp; Grenadines</option>
<option value="SP">Saipan</option>
<option value="SO">Samoa</option>
<option value="AS">Samoa American</option>
<option value="SM">San Marino</option>
<option value="ST">Sao Tome &amp; Principe</option>
<option value="SA">Saudi Arabia</option>
<option value="SN">Senegal</option>
<option value="RS">Serbia</option>
<option value="SC">Seychelles</option>
<option value="SL">Sierra Leone</option>
<option value="SG">Singapore</option>
<option value="SK">Slovakia</option>
<option value="SI">Slovenia</option>
<option value="SB">Solomon Islands</option>
<option value="OI">Somalia</option>
<option value="ZA">South Africa</option>
<option value="ES">Spain</option>
<option value="LK">Sri Lanka</option>
<option value="SD">Sudan</option>
<option value="SR">Suriname</option>
<option value="SZ">Swaziland</option>
<option value="SE">Sweden</option>
<option value="CH">Switzerland</option>
<option value="SY">Syria</option>
<option value="TA">Tahiti</option>
<option value="TW">Taiwan</option>
<option value="TJ">Tajikistan</option>
<option value="TZ">Tanzania</option>
<option value="TH">Thailand</option>
<option value="TG">Togo</option>
<option value="TK">Tokelau</option>
<option value="TO">Tonga</option>
<option value="TT">Trinidad &amp; Tobago</option>
<option value="TN">Tunisia</option>
<option value="TR">Turkey</option>
<option value="TU">Turkmenistan</option>
<option value="TC">Turks &amp; Caicos Is</option>
<option value="TV">Tuvalu</option>
<option value="UG">Uganda</option>
<option value="UA">Ukraine</option>
<option value="AE">United Arab Emirates</option>
<option value="GB">United Kingdom</option>
<option value="US">United States of America</option>
<option value="UY">Uruguay</option>
<option value="UZ">Uzbekistan</option>
<option value="VU">Vanuatu</option>
<option value="VS">Vatican City State</option>
<option value="VE">Venezuela</option>
<option value="VN">Vietnam</option>
<option value="VB">Virgin Islands (Brit)</option>
<option value="VA">Virgin Islands (USA)</option>
<option value="WK">Wake Island</option>
<option value="WF">Wallis &amp; Futana Is</option>
<option value="YE">Yemen</option>
<option value="ZR">Zaire</option>
<option value="ZM">Zambia</option>
<option value="ZW">Zimbabwe</option>

$doc = new DOMDocument();
$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);

$options = $xpath->query('*/select/option');


$values = array();
foreach ($options as $option) {

     $in = $option->getAttribute('value'); 
	 if($in=="") $in = rand(0,2);
	 $values[$in] = $option->textContent;

echo "$"."z = ".var_export($values, true).";";


You can apply same logic for more HTML elements using xpath...

Download Select2Array.php