Installing XAMPP in Linux


Hits: 7212  

What is XAMPP ?

XAMPP is an easy to install Apache distribution containing MySQL, PHP and Perl. LAMPP (XAMPP for Linux) is very easy to install and to use – just download, extract and start.

Download XAMPP

http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP Linux/

Installing XAMPP in Linux

Download XAMPP Latest version from the following link
http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP Linux

Currently latest XAMPP version is 1.7.3a

$wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/xampp/XAMPP%20Linux/1.7.3a/xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz?use_mirror=nchc

Now you should be having xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz in your downloaded location

Go to a Linux shell and login as root:
Perform these commands as root user

$ su -p
Extract the downloaded archive file to /opt

#tar xvfz xampp-linux-1.7.3a.tar.gz -C /opt

XAMPP is now installed below the /opt/lampp directory.

Start XAMPP Server

To start XAMPP simply call this command:

#/opt/lampp/lampp start

Starting XAMPP for 1.7.3a…
XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)…
XAMPP: Starting MySQL…
XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD…
XAMPP for Linux started.

Test Your XAMPP Installation

OK, that was easy but how can you check that everything really works? Just type in the following URL at your favourite web browser:

http://localhost

Starting LAMPP automatically on startup
Starting LAMPP automatically on startup

XAMPP Security Configuration

As mentioned before, XAMPP is not meant for production use but only for developers in a development environment. The way XAMPP is configured is to be open as possible and allowing the developer anything he/she wants. For development environments this is great but in a production environment it could be fatal.

Here a list of missing security in XAMPP:

The MySQL administrator (root) has no password.
The MySQL daemon is accessible via network.
ProFTPD uses the password “lampp” for user “nobody”.
PhpMyAdmin is accessible via network.
Examples are accessible via network.
MySQL and Apache running under the same user (nobody).
To fix most of the security weaknesses simply call the following command:

#/opt/lampp/lampp security

It starts a small security check and makes your XAMPP installation more secure.
Start And Stop Server Services

start
Starts XAMPP.

stop
Stops XAMPP.

restart
Stops and starts XAMPP.

startapache
Starts only the Apache.

startssl
Starts the Apache SSL support. This command activates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay activated.

startmysql
Starts only the MySQL database.

startftp
Starts the ProFTPD server. Via FTP you can upload files for your web server (user “nobody”, password “lampp”). This command activates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay activated.

stopapache
Stops the Apache.

stopssl
Stops the Apache SSL support. This command deactivates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay deactivated.

stopmysql
Stops the MySQL database.

stopftp
Stops the ProFTPD server. This command deactivates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay deactivated.

security
Starts a small security check programm.

For example: To start Apache with SSL support simply type in the following command (as root):

#/opt/lampp/lampp startssl

You can also access your Apache server via SSL under https://localhost.

Important Configuration Files And Directories

/opt/lampp/bin/ – The XAMPP commands home. /opt/lampp/bin/mysql calls for example the MySQL monitor.
/opt/lampp/htdocs/ – The Apache DocumentRoot directory.
/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf – The Apache configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf – The MySQL configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini – The PHP configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf – The ProFTPD configuration file. (since 0.9.5)
/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php – The phpMyAdmin configuration file.

Stopping XAMPP

To stop XAMPP simply call this command:

#/opt/lampp/lampp stop

You should now see:

Stopping XAMPP 1.7.3a…
XAMPP: Stopping Apache…
XAMPP: Stopping MySQL…
XAMPP: Stopping ProFTPD…
XAMPP stopped.

And XAMPP for Linux is stopped.

Starting LAMPP automatically on startup

For starting LAMPP automatically on startup, add the following line to you /etc/rc.local file

# /opt/lampp/lampp start

where /opt/lampp is the location where XAMPP files are kept. You will have to substitute the path to your XAMPP in the above command.

Uninstall XAMPP From your Machine

To uninstall XAMPP just type in this command

#rm -rf /opt/lampp


Published by

Sandeep Verma

I’m an Entrepreneur. I’m proud to work as Blogger, LAMP Programmer, Linux Admin, Web Consultant, Cloud Manager, Apps Developer, Searcher. Concentrate > Observe > Imagine > Launch

One thought on “Installing XAMPP in Linux”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

*